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Jones v. City of Minneapolis: US District Court : 1983 - jury findings not disturbed, although court would have found differentlyUNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA
Rickey Jones, Civil No. 04-4856 (DWF/AJB)
v. ORDER AND
City of Minneapolis, including but not limited
to its Police Department; Steve Wuorinen, in his official
and individual capacities; Kevin Lazarchic,
in his official and individual capacities;
Scott Downing, in his official and individual
Jill Clark, Esq., Jill Clark, PA, counsel for Plaintiffs.
Timothy S. Skarda, Esq., and Tracey L. Nelson, Esq., Minneapolis City Attorney’s Office, counsel for Defendants.
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Rickey Jones’ Post-Trial/Post-Judgment Motions. The Court held a jury trial on this matter on December 3-5, 2007. The Court submitted to the jury the question of whether the Defendant Officers Wuorinen, Lazarchic, and Downing used excessive force on Plaintiff during an incident that occurred on November 22, 2002. The jury returned a verdict in favor of Defendants.
Plaintiff now moves for: (1) judgment as a matter of law, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 60; (2) a new trial, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 50; (3) a new trial, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59; (4) the re-opening of evidence to hear additional evidence, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59, or to make new findings of fact and conclusions of law; and/or (5) modifying or amending the judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59. Plaintiff also moves for sanctions against Defendants for the “intentional policy/custom/training of police not to record the use of force of any police officer in police reports” and “due to the custom/policy/training that officers are to say the civilian ‘resisted’ if force is used on them.” (Pl.’s Post-Trial/Post-Judgment Mots.: Amended at 2.) In addition, Plaintiff has moved for sanctions against Defendants for “the intentional policy/custom/training of police not to record the use of force of any police officer in police reports” and “due to the custom/policy/training that officers are to say the civilian ‘resisted’ if force is used on them.” (Id.) The Court heard oral argument on the motions on February 8, 2008.
Having reviewed the record and proceedings in the matter, including all of the briefs submitted by the parties, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff’s Post-Trial/Post-Judgment Motions (Doc. Nos. 92 and 93) are DENIED.
Dated: February 21, 2008 s/Donovan W. Frank
DONOVAN W. FRANK
Judge of United States District Court
I. Motion for Judgment Notwithstanding the Verdict
Plaintiff moves for judgment notwithstanding the verdict pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 50. As a preliminary matter, the City counters that Plaintiff’s motion is procedurally deficient because Plaintiff (admittedly) did not make a Fed. R. Civ. P. 50(a) motion at the close of evidence. Thus, the City contends that Plaintiff is not entitled to raise the matter now.
The Eighth Circuit has held that “a litigant who fails to move for judgment as a matter of law at the close of the evidence cannot later argue-either in a post-trial Rule 50 motion or on appeal-that the verdict was supported by insufficient evidence.” Jackson v. City of St. Louis, 220 F.3d 894, 896 (8th Cir. 2000) (quoting Pulla v. Amoco Oil Co., 72 F.3d 648, 655 (8th Cir. 1995)). “[T]he purpose of requiring the moving party to articulate the ground on which [judgment as a matter of law] is sought ‘is to give the other party an opportunity to cure the defects in proof that might otherwise preclude him from taking the case to the jury.’” Walsh v. Nat’l Computer Sys., Inc., 332 F.3d 1150, 1158 (8th Cir. 2003) (quoting Galdieri-Ambrosini v. Nat'l Realty & Dev. Corp., 136 F.3d 276, 286 (2d Cir. 1998)) (citations omitted). “If specificity is lacking, judgment as a matter of law may neither be granted by the district court nor upheld on appeal unless that result is ‘required to prevent manifest injustice.’” Id. at 1158 (quoting Cruz v. Local Union No. 3 of the Int'l Bhd. of Elec. Workers, 34 F.3d 1148, 1155 (2d Cir. 1994)).
Here, because Plaintiff did not move for judgment as a matter of law before the
case was submitted to the jury, Plaintiff has not advanced any grounds by which the Court could grant a motion for judgment as a matter of law after the verdict. Nor has Plaintiff asserted any grounds by which the Court would conclude that judgment as a matter of law is required to prevent manifest injustice. Walsh, 332 F.3d at 1158. Thus, on procedural grounds alone, Plaintiff’s motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict fails.
Moreover, even if the Court were to consider Plaintiff’s motion procedurally appropriate, the Court finds that Plaintiff’s motion would fail on the merits. The Eighth Circuit has held that:
[i]n ruling on a motion for [judgment as a matter of law], the district court must (1) consider the evidence in the light most favorable to the prevailing party, (2) assume that all conflicts in the evidence were resolved in favor of the prevailing party, (3) assume as proved all facts that the prevailing party's evidence tended to prove, and (4) give the prevailing party the benefit of all favorable inferences that may reasonably be drawn from the facts proved. That done, the court must then deny the motion if reasonable persons could differ as to the conclusions to be drawn from the evidence.
Haynes v. Bee-Line Trucking Co., 80 F.3d 1235, 1238 (8th Cir. 1996). Here, reasonable persons could differ as to the conclusions to be drawn from the evidence advanced at trial. And although the Court would not have made the same credibility determinations as the jury made regarding the officers’ testimony, especially the testimony of Officer Wuorinen, the Court cannot substitute its judgment for that of the jury. In other words, although this Court found that the Plaintiff’s testimony was credible and the officers’ testimony was not, the Court finds that the jury’s conclusions are supported by the evidence that was presented and Plaintiff’s motion fails on the merits.
For these reasons, Plaintiff’s motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict and/or for a new trial pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 50 is denied.
II. Motion for New Trial, Re-Opening of Evidence, New Findings
Plaintiff moves for a new trial, or for the re-opening of evidence to hear additional evidence, or to make new findings of fact and conclusions of law, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59. The bases for Plaintiff’s motion are many but, in sum, Plaintiff raises various issues repetitive of those brought at summary judgment and then asks that the Court reintroduce the causes of action for false imprisonment and malicious prosecution in light of evidence that was elicited at trial. In response, Defendants assert that there is no basis to grant a new trial, to re-open evidence, or to make new findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Rule 59.
“Rule 59(e) motions serve a limited function of correcting ‘manifest errors of law or fact or to present newly discovered evidence.’” Innovative Home Health Care v. P.T.—O.T. Assocs. of the Black Hills, 141 F.3d 1284, 1286 (8th Cir. 1998) (citations omitted). “Such motions cannot be used to introduce new evidence, tender new legal theories, or raise arguments which could have been offered or raised prior to entry of judgment.” Id. (citations omitted).
For the most part, Plaintiff seeks to revisit the Court’s summary judgment Order, again raising many arguments that were not persuasive at the summary judgment stage. Plaintiff’s latest assertions do not form the basis for the Court to grant a new trial. In addition, Plaintiff asks for a new trial based on issues of credibility—matters which the
jury happened to decide in Defendants’ favor. As noted above, the Court cannot substitute its credibility determinations for those of the jury. And finally, Plaintiff appears to contend that new evidence was discovered at trial, yet Plaintiff sets forth no basis as to why such new evidence could not have been discovered at the summary judgment stage. In response to these post-trial Motions, the Court has re-read the evidence and argument that was before the Court at the time of summary judgment regarding Plaintiff’s false imprisonment and malicious prosecution claims, and the Court stands by its determinations. For these reasons, Plaintiff’s motion is without merit.
Moreover, even assuming that a separate jury instruction on assault and battery could have resulted in a different jury conclusion, the Plaintiff did not ask for such an instruction. Nor did Plaintiff object when the Court discussed the matter, at pretrial, of “unifying” the excessive force with the assault and battery claims. The case was not tried by the Plaintiff as an assault and battery case, nor defended as such by the Defendants. Thus, Plaintiff has waived any right to object to these matters now.
Plaintiff also moves for a new trial pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59. A new trial may be granted pursuant to Rule 59 if the verdict is “against the great weight of the evidence.” See Butler v. French, 83 F.3d 942, 955 (8th Cir. 1996). The Eighth Circuit has stated that:
a trial court may not grant a new trial simply because the trial court would have found a verdict different from the one the jury found. This is certainly a necessary condition to granting a motion for new trial, but it is not a sufficient one. Rather, the trial court must believe, as we have already said, that the verdict was so contrary to the evidence as to amount to a
miscarriage of justice.
Id. Here, Plaintiff sets forth a laundry list of factual matters that Plaintiff believes point to jury error. Again, although the Court would have reached a different result from that of the jury, the Court finds that the jury’s verdict was not so contrary to the evidence as to result in a miscarriage of justice. Id. Notably, the Court rejects the notion that the jury’s verdict was the result of racial bias. Plaintiff’s motion for a new trial fails.
III. Motion to Reconsider
Plaintiff also seeks reconsideration of the Court’s summary judgment Order dated August 1, 2007, pursuant to Local Rule 7.1(g). Pursuant to Local Rule 7.1(g), a request for leave to file a motion for reconsideration will only be granted upon a showing of “compelling circumstances.” A motion to reconsider should not be employed to relitigate old issues but to “afford an opportunity for relief in extraordinary circumstances.” Dale & Selby Superette & Deli v. United States Dept. of Agric., 838 F. Supp. 1346, 1348 (D. Minn. 1993).
Consistent with the Court’s comments above, the Court finds that no compelling circumstances exist to warrant a motion to reconsider. As such, Plaintiff’s request for leave to file a motion to reconsider is denied.
IV. Motion for Sanctions
Finally, the Court finds no basis for Plaintiff’s motion for sanctions. Plaintiff’s motion is denied in this regard.
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Michael E. Douglas, Attorney at Law, Saint Paul MN. All Rights
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