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Alpine Glass, Inc. v. Illinois Farmers Insurance Co.: APPELLATE PROCEDURE | ARBITRATION | NO-FAULT - order not final judgment, not appealable; dismissal for no jurisdiction

1The Honorable Joan N. Ericksen, United States District Judge for the District
of Minnesota.
United States Court of Appeals
No. 07-1873
Alpine Glass, Inc., *
Plaintiff - Appellee, * Appeal from the United States
* District Court for the
v. * District of Minnesota.
Allstate Insurance Company, * [PUBLISHED]
Defendant - Appellant. *
Submitted: January 16, 2008
Filed: July 9, 2008
Before WOLLMAN, BRIGHT, and SMITH, Circuit Judges.
Allstate Insurance Company (Allstate) appeals from the district courts1 order
consolidating Alpine Glasss 618 short-pay claims in a single arbitration under
Minnesotas No-Fault Automobile Act (No-Fault Act). On appeal, Allstate
contends that the district court erred by: (1) failing to consider several legal defenses
before referring the matter to arbitration; and (2) consolidating all of Alpine Glasss
claims in a single arbitration. We dismiss the appeal for want of jurisdiction.
Alpine Glass repairs and replaces broken automobile glass. Allstate provides,
among other services, automobile insurance. In this case, Alpine Glass apparently
fixed or replaced Allstates insureds automobile glass on 618 occasions. And in
every instance, Alpine Glass, after allegedly receiving an assignment from the insured,
submitted an invoice to Allstate to recoup payment for its services. Alpine Glass
claims that in every case Allstate paid less than the amount stated on Alpine Glasss
invoice (i.e., short-pays). Alpine Glass filed suit in Minnesota state court to recover
the difference. Because Alpine Glasss claims so called short-pay claims are
subject to mandatory arbitration under the No-Fault Act, Alpine Glass sought a
declaration ordering arbitration. Allstate subsequently removed this action to federal
district court. After briefing and oral argument, the district court granted Alpine
Glasss motion to consolidate its claims in a single arbitration. Although the district
court never entered judgment, its docket sheet reflects that the case was closed. This
appeal followed.
Following briefing and oral argument to this Court, we sua sponte requested
supplemental briefing on whether we properly could exercise jurisdiction either
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1291 or under the collateral order doctrine. See Dieser v.
Contl Cas. Co., 440 F.3d 920, 923 (8th Cir. 2005) ([J]urisdiction issues will be
raised sua sponte by a federal court when there is an indication that jurisdiction is
lacking, even if the parties concede the issue.) (quoting Thomas v. Basham, 931
F.2d 521, 523 (8th Cir. 1991)). After reviewing the parties submissions, we conclude
that we lack jurisdiction.
Under 1291, the courts of appeals have jurisdiction over all final decisions
of the district courts of the United States. A district courts order is a final decision
for the purposes of 1291 if it ends the litigation on the merits and leaves nothing
more for the [district] court to do but execute the judgment. Green Tree Fin. Corp.-
Ala. v. Randolph (Green Tree), 531 U.S. 79, 86 (2000) (quoting Catlin v. United
States, 324 U.S. 239, 233 (1945)); see also Digital Equip. Corp. v. Desktop Direct,
2Our review of the district courts docket sheet indicates that the case was
closed. But whether this closure reflects an administrative stay or formal entry of
judgment is unclear.
Inc., 511 U.S. 863, 867 (1994); Coopers & Lybrand v. Livesay, 437 U.S. 463, 467
(1978). In this case, the district court did not enter a final judgment after granting
Alpine Glasss motion to compel consolidated arbitration.2 Rather, the district court
simply signed Alpine Glasss proposed order in granting its motion. In our view, this
does not constitute a final judgment. But assuming that the district court did attempt
to enter a final judgment, for the reasons we have explained in Alpine Glass v. Illinois
Farmers Ins. Co., No. 07-2021, slip op. at 3-7 (8th Cir., filed contemporaneously July
9, 2008), the order would nevertheless not be a final appealable decision under
The district courts decision is also not appealable under the collateral order
doctrine. See Cohen v. Beneficial Indus. Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 546 (1949)
(holding that a small class of decisions are immediately appealable even though the
decision did not terminate the litigation before the district court). A district courts
decision is immediately appealable as a collateral order if it: (1) conclusively
determines a disputed issue; (2) which is an important issue completely separate from
the merits; and (3) is effectively unreviewable on appeal from a final judgment. Digital
Equip. Corp., 511 U.S. at 867; Cooper & Lybrand, 437 U.S. at 468; Kassuelke v.
Alliant Techsystems, Inc., 223 F.3d 929, 931 (8th Cir. 2000). As a narrow exception
to the general rule that a single appeal, taken after the entry of a final judgment,
provides a party with sufficient opportunity to complain of all of the district courts
errors, the Supreme Court has described the conditions for satisfying the collateral
order doctrine as stringent. Digital Equip. Corp., 511 U.S. at 868. Accordingly, the
chance that the litigation at hand might be speeded, or a particular injustice averted
by a prompt appellate decision are, standing alone, insufficient reasons for
classifying a district courts decision as an appealable collateral order. Id. (internal
citation omitted).
3Even if Allstate could establish that its interest regarding consolidation would
be irretrievably lost if it had to wait for a final judgment, this interest is not
sufficiently important to merit consideration as a collateral order. See Will v. Hallock,
546 U.S. 345, 351-53 (2006); Digital Equip. Corp., 511 U.S. at 877-78.
Although the district court conclusively decided the principal issue raised by
Allstates appeal, we need not decide whether it is important because it is
effectively [reviewable] on appeal from a final judgment. Id. at 869. To satisfy this
condition, a party, at a minimum must demonstrate that the interest it seeks to
vindicate immediately would be irretrievably lost if it had to wait to appeal until
after a final judgment. See id. at 872 ([A]nd so the mere identification of some
interest that would be irretrievably lost has never sufficed to meet the third Cohen
requirement.) (citing Lauro Lines s.r.l. v. Chasser, 490 U.S. 495, 499 (1989)).
Allstate doesnt contend, however, that the issue of consolidation would be
irretrievably lost if forced to wait to appeal after the entry of a final judgment. And
nor could it. The Court can readily review that determination following a judgment
on the merits.3
For the foregoing reasons, we dismiss the appeal for want of jurisdiction.


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Work-Related Injury
Wrongful Death
Dog Bite
Slip and Fall

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Bystanders Witnessed This.
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        a Police Report

Police Responded but Did
        Not File a Police Report



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